Angular Pipes

Last updated 29-07-23 03:13

Learn about Angular Pipes, powerful tools in Angular for transforming and formatting data. Discover various types of pipes, their usage, and how to create custom pipes. Get expert insights into leveraging Angular Pipes to enhance your web applications.

Angular Pipes: Understanding the Basics

Angular Pipes are built-in or custom tools that allow developers to modify, format, and transform data right within the template markup. They help enhance the presentation and user experience by manipulating data in real-time without altering the original source. Pipes can be used for various purposes, such as filtering, sorting, currency conversion, date formatting, and more. The syntax to apply a pipe is simple, using the "|" symbol followed by the pipe name.

Types of Angular Pipes

Angular offers several built-in pipes that cater to different data manipulation needs. Here are some essential types of Angular Pipes:

  • {{ 'Angular Pipes' | uppercase }}
  • {{ 'Angular Pipes' | lowercase }}
  • {{ 'angular-pipes' | titlecase }}
  • {{ '2023-07-21' | date:'longDate' }}
  • {{ 25.6789 | number:'1.2-3' }}
  • {{ 0.45 | percent }}

Creating Custom Pipes in Angular

While the built-in pipes offer great functionality, you might have specific requirements not covered by them. In such cases, you can create your custom pipes in Angular. Creating custom pipes is a powerful way to extend the capabilities of your application. Let's see how to create a custom pipe step-by-step:

Step 1: Generate the Pipe

To begin, use the Angular CLI to generate a new pipe. Open your terminal and execute the following command:

$ ng generate pipe myCustomPipe

Replace "myCustomPipe" with your desired pipe name. The CLI will create the necessary files and folders for your custom pipe.

Step 2: Implement the Pipe

Open the newly generated pipe file, typically located in the "pipes" folder. The file will contain a TypeScript class with the name you provided earlier. The class should implement the PipeTransform interface, which requires you to define the transform() method. This method will contain the logic for data transformation.

import { Pipe, PipeTransform } from '@angular/core';

  name: 'myCustomPipe'
export class MyCustomPipe implements PipeTransform {
  transform(value: any, args?: any): any {
    // Add your data transformation logic here
    return transformedData;

Step 3: Implement Data Transformation Logic

Inside the transform() method, add your custom data transformation logic. You will receive the input value to be transformed as the value parameter. You can also utilize the args parameter to pass additional arguments to the pipe if needed.

Step 4: Register the Pipe

After implementing the custom pipe, you need to register it with the Angular application. Open the "app.module.ts" file and import the custom pipe:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { MyCustomPipe } from './pipes/my-custom.pipe'; // Import your custom pipe

  declarations: [
    MyCustomPipe // Add your custom pipe to the declarations array
  imports: [BrowserModule],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule { }

Angular Pipes in Action: Real-World Examples

Example 1: Currency Conversion

Suppose you are building an e-commerce platform that supports multiple currencies. Using the built-in currency pipe, you can easily convert product prices to different currencies based on user preferences. Here's how you can achieve it:

Product Price: {{ product.price | currency: 'EUR' }}

Example 2: Sorting Data

Imagine you have a list of products that need to be sorted based on their popularity. Utilizing the built-in orderBy pipe, you can efficiently sort the data without changing the underlying data structure. Here's how:

{{ }}

Example 3: Custom Pipe for Text Truncation

Suppose you have a blog section on your website, and you want to truncate long blog posts to a specific length for the homepage preview. You can create a custom pipe to achieve this:

import { Pipe, PipeTransform } from '@angular/core';

  name: 'truncateText'
export class TruncateTextPipe implements PipeTransform {
  transform(value: string, maxLength: number): string {
    if (value.length > maxLength) {
      return value.slice(0, maxLength) + '...';
    } else {
      return value;

Using the custom truncateText pipe:

{{ blogPost.content | truncateText: 150 }}

FAQs about Angular Pipes

Q: What are Angular Pipes?

Angular Pipes are tools used in Angular for transforming and formatting data within the template markup.

Q: How do I use a built-in pipe in Angular?

To use a built-in pipe, simply apply the pipe name after the data you want to transform, separated by the "|" symbol. For example: {{ 'Angular Pipes' | uppercase }}.

Q: Can I create my custom pipes in Angular?

Yes, you can create custom pipes in Angular using the Angular CLI. By generating a new pipe and implementing the transform() method, you can define your data transformation logic.

Q: Are custom pipes reusable?

Yes, custom pipes are highly reusable. Once defined, you can use them across multiple components and templates in your Angular application.

Q: What is the advantage of using pipes in Angular?

Pipes simplify data manipulation and formatting, making it easy to transform data without modifying the original source. They enhance the presentation and user experience of web applications.

Q: Can I chain multiple pipes together?

Yes, you can chain multiple pipes together by using the "|" symbol multiple times. For example: {{ price | currency | percent }} will first format the price as a currency and then convert it into a percentage.


In conclusion, Angular Pipes play a crucial role in data transformation and formatting within Angular applications. Whether you utilize the built-in pipes or create custom ones, they offer a powerful way to enhance the user experience and presentation of your web applications. Understanding the various types of pipes and their usage can significantly impact the efficiency of your development process. So, go ahead and explore the world of Angular Pipes to make your applications even more dynamic and user-friendly.

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