What is Angular routing

Last updated 29-07-23 03:13

Angular is a popular front-end web framework developed and maintained by Google. It allows developers to build dynamic and robust web applications. One of the essential features of Angular is its routing mechanism, which enables navigation between different views of the application. In this article, we will delve into the concept of "Angular routing," exploring its purpose, implementation, and advantages.

What is Angular Routing?

Angular routing is a technique used in single-page applications (SPAs) to manage navigation within the application. It enables users to move between different views or pages without requiring a full page reload. Instead, only the content of the targeted view changes, providing a seamless and faster user experience.

How Angular Routing Works

Angular routing is based on the concept of URL paths and corresponding components. When a user clicks on a link or enters a specific URL in the address bar, the Angular router matches the URL path to a predefined route and displays the associated component in the designated part of the application layout.

The Angular router listens to URL changes and triggers a route change event when the user navigates to a new URL. It then loads the corresponding component and updates the view accordingly. This process happens without reloading the entire page, making the application feel more responsive and fluid.

Setting Up Angular Routing

To use Angular routing in your application, you need to set up the router module and define routes for your components. Here's a step-by-step guide to setting up Angular routing:

  1. Install Angular Router: If you are starting a new Angular project, the Angular CLI automatically includes the necessary router module. However, if you are working on an existing project, you can install the router module using the following command: npm install @angular/router
  2. Configure Routes: In the main module of your application (usually app.module.ts), import the required modules and define your routes using the RouterModule.forRoot() method. Each route is an object with a path and component property, indicating the URL path and the corresponding component to load.
  3. Add Router Outlet: In your main HTML layout file (usually app.component.html), add the tag. This tag acts as a placeholder where the router will load the components based on the current route.
  4. Create Components: Create the components corresponding to the routes defined in step 2. For example, create home.component.ts and about.component.ts and define their templates and logic.

Advantages of Angular Routing

Angular routing offers several benefits that enhance the development and user experience of web applications. Some of the advantages include:

  • Improved User Experience: Angular routing enables seamless navigation between views, providing users with a smooth and fluid experience similar to a traditional multi-page application.
  • Faster Page Loads: Since Angular only loads the content of the targeted view, not the entire page, the application loads faster, reducing latency and improving performance.
  • Bookmarkable URLs: Angular routing ensures that each view has a unique URL. Users can bookmark or share specific views, allowing them to return to the same content later.
  • Modular Codebase: With routing, developers can organize their code into separate components and load them dynamically when needed. This modular approach makes the codebase more maintainable and scalable.
  • SEO-Friendly: Angular routing supports server-side rendering (SSR), which improves the application's search engine optimization (SEO) by allowing search engines to crawl and index individual views.

Implementing Nested Routes

In addition to defining simple routes, Angular routing also supports nested routes, which enable the creation of hierarchical views within an application. To implement nested routes, follow these steps:

  1. Define Parent Component: Create a parent component that acts as a container for the nested views. This component should have its own router outlet where the child components will be loaded.
  2. Configure Child Routes: In the parent component's module, define the child routes using the children property within the route configuration.
  3. Load Child Components: In the parent component's template, include a tag where the child components will be loaded based on the current URL.

Lazy Loading Modules

In large-scale applications, loading all modules at once can slow down the initial application load time. Angular supports lazy loading, where modules are loaded only when they are required. This technique significantly improves the application's initial load performance.

  1. Create a Feature Module: Group related components and services into a feature module. This module will be loaded lazily.
  2. Configure Lazy Loading: In the main routing configuration, set up the lazy-loaded route using the loadChildren property instead of the component property.
  3. Create the Feature Module: In the module's file (e.g., about.module.ts), define the routes for the lazy-loaded components.

Handling Route Parameters

Often, applications need to pass parameters in the URL to identify specific resources or actions. Angular routing allows you to handle route parameters efficiently.

  1. Define Route Parameters: In the route configuration, specify the parameter name within the URL path using the : prefix.
  2. Accessing Route Parameters: In the component where you want to access the parameter, import the ActivatedRoute class from @angular/router.

Using Router Guards

Router guards are used to control navigation and protect routes based on specific conditions. Angular provides several types of guards:

  • CanActivate: Allows or denies navigation to a route based on a condition. For example, checking if a user is authenticated before accessing a protected route.
  • CanDeactivate: Checks if a user can leave a route by navigating to another route. Useful for displaying confirmation dialogs before leaving a page.
  • CanLoad: Prevents lazy-loaded modules from loading if a condition is not met.
  • Resolve: Fetches data before navigating to a route, ensuring that the required data is available when the component loads.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are LSI Keywords?

LSI (Latent Semantic Indexing) keywords are related terms and phrases that are semantically connected to the main keyword. Search engines use LSI keywords to understand the context and relevance of content, improving search results accuracy.

Can I use Angular routing in non-SPA applications?

Angular routing is primarily designed for single-page applications (SPAs). However, you can also use Angular routing in non-SPA applications by configuring the routes to load full page content instead of only the view part.

How can I handle route changes programmatically?

To handle route changes programmatically, you can use the Router service provided by Angular. This service allows you to navigate to a specific route or trigger route changes based on user interactions or application logic.

Can I use multiple router outlets in an Angular application?

Yes, Angular allows the use of multiple router outlets in an application. You can have a primary router outlet for the main content and additional named outlets to load specific content in different parts of the layout.

Is Angular routing suitable for mobile applications?

Yes, Angular routing is suitable for mobile applications. It provides a seamless user experience and faster navigation, making it ideal for building mobile-friendly and responsive web applications.

Does Angular routing support URL parameters with query strings?

Yes, Angular routing supports URL parameters with query strings. You can pass and extract query parameters in the URL to communicate data between components and perform specific actions based on the parameter values.


In conclusion, Angular routing is a crucial feature that facilitates seamless navigation and enhances the user experience in single-page applications. By understanding the basics of setting up routes, implementing nested routes, lazy-loading modules, and handling route parameters, developers can create dynamic and user-friendly web applications. Utilizing router guards adds an extra layer of control and security to the application's navigation. Embrace Angular routing to build responsive and efficient web applications that delight users with smooth and intuitive interactions.

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